Adlitem Solutions utilizes the most widely used normal personality assessment instrument – the Myers Briggs Type Indicator® (MBTI®).  The MBTI® instrument is  based on the psychological type principles identified by Carl Jung and applied by Isabel Briggs and Katherine Myers.

Dan DeFoe, lead consultant of Adlitem Solutions, is currently the only attorney certified to administer and interpret the MBTI® Step III instrument.  The MBTI® instrument may be used for individual development.  It also may be used in a wide variety of development and training programs focused on organizational effectiveness.

A number of qualities account for the instrument’s usefulness as a basic tool in employee and organizational development:

  • The results and interpretation focus on how people take in information (perception) and how they prioritize that information to make decisions (judgment) – basic personality traits that underlie most work tasks and training;
  • Understanding type enhances a person’s clarity and comfort with their own workstyle while identifying blind spots and areas of vulnerability;
  • Type theory and the MBTI® instrument provide a logical, coherent structure for understanding normal differences among people in a wide variety of organization-related activities:  communication styles, teamwork, project management, preferred learning style, and many more;
  • Type theory provides a dynamic picture of individual functioning, including the recognition of the dominant function as the basis of motivation and identification of customary responses to stress;
  • Type theory outlines a model of lifelong individual development, and the MBTI® instrument identifies likely paths for development, which are useful in work with teams, groups, and coaching individuals, leaders, and managers;
  • The MBTI® instrument provides perspective and data for analyzing organizational culture, management structure, and organizational systems;
  • The MBTI® instrument and supporting type resources demonstrate the value of diversity within the organization or work group – understanding and appreciating the constructive use of differences – particularly important and applicable in today’s global professional services work environment;
  • The MBTI® instrument helps organizations make the most of their human resources and leverage individuals’ natural strengths

There are currently three MBTI® instruments.  Each deals with normal personality:

Step I describes the broad strokes of an individual personality. One of the goals of this questionnaire is to identify people who have a similar cognitive make-up. There are 16 basic personality types according to the MBTI® system.  Step I focuses on individual differences between types.   The value of this theory is that it enables us to expect specific differences in specific people and to cope with their differences more constructively than we otherwise could.

Step II captures individual differences within people who have the same basic personality type.  This tool helps a person identify his or her individuality or uniqueness within type.

Step III provides a point in time assessment, and deals with individual effectiveness in using his or her personality type – perception and judgment.  The Step III instrument is arguably the only current assessment system that deals nonjudgmentally with the individuality of the whole person.  The MBTI® Step III report provides highly individualized descriptions of a person’s uses of perception and judgment.   The Step III interpretation session stimulates conversation about type development so that relevant issues can be addressed.

Dan DeFoe, J.D., M.S., is an MBTI® certified Step I, Step II, and Step III professional.